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Cities eventually dotted the coast to support local economies and serve as trade hubs.
English colonists were supplemented by waves of Scotch-Irish and other groups.
For the landmass comprising North, Central, South America, and the Caribbean, see Americas. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.
For other uses, see America (disambiguation), US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation). Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast.
The first Europeans to arrive in the territory of the modern United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513; however, if unincorporated territories are accounted for, then credit would go to Christopher Columbus who landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage.
The Spanish set up the first settlements in Florida and New Mexico such as Saint Augustine and Santa Fe.
The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.In the early days of colonization, many European settlers were subject to food shortages, disease, and attacks from Native Americans.Native Americans were also often at war with neighboring tribes and allied with Europeans in their colonial wars.The United States is a highly developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for approximately a quarter of global GDP. The phrase "United States" was originally plural, a description of a collection of independent states—e.g., "the United States are"—including in the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1865.Despite income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank very high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, median income (both before and after taxes and transfers), human development, per capita GDP, and worker productivity. The singular form—e.g., "the United States is"—became popular after the end of the American Civil War. In English, the word "American" rarely refers to topics or subjects not directly connected with the United States.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci (Latin: Americus Vespucius). Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort. The singular form is now standard; the plural form is retained in the idiom "these United States". S." refer to the country adjectivally ("American values", "U. It has been generally accepted that the first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 12,000 years ago; however, increasing evidence suggests an even earlier arrival.